if the croupier has an ace as the first card, a blackjack is paid out at a ratio of 1: 1.
The bust side bet that the croupier busts is far more disadvantageous than the actual game; therefore it does not make sense to place this bet.
It used to be common practice for the cards used in one game to be set aside and for the next game to be drawn from the remaining pile from the card slide. When the deck was about three-quarters down, the discarded cards were shuffled with the rest of the stock, and a new waistline began.
In this way, the composition of the deck of cards was very different in each game. Came z. For example, in the first coup after shuffling only a few high cards, the probability of high cards falling in the next coup naturally increased.
Many European casinos now use so-called shuffle stars, special card slides with a built-in card shuffling machine. The cards used in a single game are returned to the sledge immediately after the coup and are immediately mixed up with the other cards – in this way the individual coups in blackjack are independent of each other, just like the individual coups in roulette. As a result, card counting is fundamentally obsolete.
A very widespread misconception in blackjack is the opinion that the player who sits directly to the croupier’s right – this position at the table is called third base – can influence the croupier’s result with his way of playing, after all, one would be required of him Otherwise the croupier will receive or
Der Spiegel 1964).
The first to extensively analyzed blackjack mathematically in 1956 were the Americans R. Baldwin, W. Cantey, H. Maisei and J. Mc Dermott. The version used in the USA at the time was examined, which differs in some details from the version examined here. As a result, the four calculated an average loss of 0.6%, with the optimal strategy being significantly more defensive than was recommended by game experts until then. In their publication they report, among other things, a recommendation by Culbertson and others to draw up to and including 13 or 15, depending on whether the bank’s card is a two to a six or not. Baldwin and his colleagues assumed – as also happened here – constant probabilities for the individual card values, i.e. 1/13. The information available to the player about which cards in the deck are already out of play is therefore not taken into account. But should it be possible, by counting the cards played, to significantly increase the chances of winning? It was precisely this idea that moved the young math professor Edward Thorp after reading Baldwin’s publication. In fact, Thorp discovered certain game situations, for example when all fives are out of the game, which are extremely advantageous for the player with a suitable strategy – the player can then expect about 3.3% profit after Thorp.